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稀土和WTO, 中国是怎么赢的
[版面:军事天地][首篇作者:civic2002] , 2018年07月12日22:55:19 ,234次阅读,2次回复
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civic2002
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发信人: civic2002 (chase), 信区: Military
标  题: 稀土和WTO, 中国是怎么赢的
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Thu Jul 12 22:55:19 2018, 美东)

大意: 中国2006年限制出口。 2015年被迫放弃限制。

然后, 美国稀土企业全部倒闭。


The Rare Earths Trade Dispute was a trade dispute between China on one side
and several countries led by the US on the other. The dispute was over China
's export restrictions on rare earth elements, plus Tungsten and Molybdenum,
which are used to make many electronics such as smartphones. China controls
97% of the production of these elements. The US, EU and Japan argued that
the restrictions were a violation of the WTO trade regulations. In 2012, the
Obama administration filed a case with the Dispute Settlement Body of the
WTO. In 2014, the WTO ruled against China, which led China to drop the
export quotas in 2015.

China expressed disappointment with the ruling (NYT) and filed an appeal
repeating its conservation argument. The Appellate panel of the WTO, however
, upheld the ruling. The US Trade Representative hailed the ruling as a
victory for openness and fairness around the world. China dropped its export
restrictions in January 2015.

As a result of the higher prices China charged outside of China prior to the
WTO ruling, many rare earth mining companies in the U.S. and Europe were
able to raise capital, and in some instances publicly, through stock sales.
Chevron Mining spun off the Molycorp-owned Mountain Pass rare earth mine as
a free-standing public company in 2008. However, in response to the WTO
action and this growth in competition, China dropped the price of rare
earths significantly, making these entities less attractive for investment
and, in the case of Molycorp, unsustainable, forcing it into bankruptcy in
June 2015 [4]. In June 2017, the Molycorp mine was sold out of bankruptcy at
auction and was purchased by MP Mine Operations LLC, a company in which
Shenghe Resources Holding Co., a Chinese minority shareholder, is granted
the exclusive right to market all rare earths from the mine. [5] As a result
of these activities, Michael Silver, CEO of American Elements, proposed to
the White House that the U.S. acquire the Mountain Pass mine by eminent
domain and convert it into a national lab dedicated to rare earths research.
--
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phlin
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发信人: phlin (四匹), 信区: Military
标  题: Re: 稀土和WTO, 中国是怎么赢的
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Thu Jul 12 23:27:06 2018, 美东)


  所以只好跑去澳洲挖鏑

畢竟

不可靠的來源

太不可靠了

【 在 civic2002 (chase) 的大作中提到: 】
: 大意: 中国2006年限制出口。 2015年被迫放弃限制。
: 然后, 美国稀土企业全部倒闭。
: The Rare Earths Trade Dispute was a trade dispute between China on one
side
: and several countries led by the US on the other. The dispute was over
China
: 's export restrictions on rare earth elements, plus Tungsten and
Molybdenum,
:  which are used to make many electronics such as smartphones. China
controls
:  97% of the production of these elements. The US, EU and Japan argued that
: the restrictions were a violation of the WTO trade regulations. In 2012,
the
:  Obama administration filed a case with the Dispute Settlement Body of the
: WTO. In 2014, the WTO ruled against China, which led China to drop the
: ...................



--
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初聞涕淚滿衣裳
卻看公保愁何在
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致敬杜甫

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civic2002
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发信人: civic2002 (chase), 信区: Military
标  题: Re: 稀土和WTO, 中国是怎么赢的
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Thu Jul 12 23:28:19 2018, 美东)

澳洲也倒闭了。

就剩一家, 在马来西亚。
--
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