发信人: brihand (brihand), 信区: Military
标 题: 超过一半的理工科女教授被骚扰过
发信站: BBS 未名空间站 (Tue Jun 12 15:42:22 2018, 美东)
More than half of female faculty members in the sciences have experienced
harassment based on their gender, according to a study released Tuesday by
the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM).
The report also finds between 20 to 50 percent of female students in science
, engineering and medicine have experienced sexual harassment, with female
medical students being the most likely to experience harassment by faculty
The report uses survey data from more than 10,000 female undergraduate and
graduate students, as well as faculty members at the University of Texas and
Pennsylvania State University school systems. It also compiles insights
from over 40 qualitative interviews with women in the sciences.
The male-dominated sciences have long been a focus of efforts to make the
workplace more hospitable to women. Though women make up half of the total U
.S. college-educated workforce, they are only 29 percent of the science and
engineering workforce. The study says that dynamic is a predictor of the
likelihood of sexual harassment.
“The reason you see [high levels of sexual harassment] in the sciences —
as well as politics and the military ... has to do with the way the sciences
are male-dominated and are organizationally tolerant of sexual harassment,
” Dr. Kathryn Clancy, a member of the committee that wrote the report and
anthropologist at the University of Illinois, said to The Hill.
The report identifies policy recommendations at the institutional and
“I think what is really different about this study is that there’s a real
focus on prevention of sexual harassment,” committee co-chair Paula Johnson
, a physician and the president of Wellesley College, said to The Hill.
Using a broad definition of sexual harassment that includes gender
harassment, which Johnson describes as “put-downs as opposed to come-ons,”
the report finds that prevention of harassment cannot rely solely on the
“The legal system is wholly inadequate to handle issues of sexual
harassment in the workplace,” Clancy said. “Given that three-quarters of
women who report harassment are retaliated against, no one is ever satisfied
by the outcome of reporting of sexual harassment. We need to find ways to
change the environment, not just bring individuals to justice.”
Nearly half of the women labeled their harassment as physical abuse but even
more explained the harassment they experienced as sexist with inappropriate
comments and environments.
Several high-profile scientists have been accused of sexual harassment by
students and colleagues over the past several years.
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